The Oranda Goldfish

The oranda goldfish has been around for over 400 years, and is a fancy goldfish variety with long flowing fins, slow graceful movement, and what looks like a raspberry on its head.

Two oranda goldfish

Specifically, the oranda is one of the veiltail goldfish.  What this means is that the two layers of the tail fin are separate, nearly as long as the body, and are not deeply forked.  The body itself is deep rather than long in veiltail goldfish.

Oranda goldfish come in many different colours.  They can be red, orange, yellow, black or blue; or a combination of these colours.  They can also be “calico,” which is the technical name for the colours found on shubunkin goldfish.  Another sub-variety of oranda is the redcap oranda, which is all (or almost all) white apart from the growth on its head being vivid red.  The photograph shows an oranda in the foreground, and a redcap oranda in the background.  The extent of the head growth in redcaps is usually less, and generally does not extend below the eyes.

Being fancy goldfish, orandas do not compete well against long-bodied goldfish.  They need to be kept with other slow swimming fancy goldfish to give them an equal chance at feeding time.  They are also sensitive to changes in water temperature, and do not like water that is too cold.

The most common problems experienced by oranda goldfish are unsurprisingly to do with the head growth.  Small particles that find their way into the folds of the growth can end up causing bacterial and/or fungal infection. Also, because of the body shape, swim bladder problems are more common than in long-bodied goldfish (although this is a problem with several varieties of fancy goldfish, not just oranda).

Apart from that, a well managed and carefully monitored tank containing orandas shouldn’t be a problem.  Oranda goldfish are a genuinely visually interesting goldfish variety, and the head growth on non-redcap orandas can give them a facial expression that makes them that little bit different from other fish.  Redcaps of course are visually striking, with their high contrast colours.  No matter what sort of oranda is in a tank, they are sure to be a talking point.

4 Responses to “The Oranda Goldfish”

  1. Oranda Goldfish Says:

    This Goldfish needs at least 20 gallon tank else it gets unhappy and often sick

  2. Gordon Green Says:

    Is there a web site named Oranda Goldfish.
    If yes, maybe you can help.
    Do you know of any Oranda breeders that live in Spain.
    I live about 130km south of Barcelona.
    Or, where can I buy Orandas.
    Hope to hear from someone.

  3. parna Says:

    can rosy barbs, widow tetra, and platy be kept in the same tank with goldfish? i have two tanks- one with tropical fishes like, rosy barbs kept in a school of 5, widow tetra kept in a school of 8, mickey mouse platy kept in a school of 5. in the other tank, i have 10 fishes- 2 milky carps, 2 mirela carps, 1 black moor goldfish, 1 red-cap oranda, 1 common goldfish, 1 shubunkin goldfish and 2 cory cats. I’m thinking of buying a large tank, if i can possibly keep all of them together. but firstly, i would need to know if any of the fishes i have mentioned would be aggressive against one another- i can handle the disease and its preventions and control the different temperature requirements. however, what i need to know if the fishes i’ve mentioned will be compatible with each other? please do suggest. thank you.

  4. arthur Says:

    my oranda g/fish as devaleled blood leaks on its body and is now very weak i .
    can you tell me what this and is itinfection to my othe fish of the same breed??????????????

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